By Stephen Colvin
A historic Greek Reader presents an creation to the background of the traditional Greek language by way of a sequence of texts with linguistic statement, cross-referenced to one another and to a reference grammar on the entrance. It bargains a variety of epigraphic and literary texts from the Mycenaean interval (roughly the fourteenth century BC) to the koiné (the most modern textual content dates to the second one century AD), and features a wide selection of Greek dialect texts. The epigraphic part balances a couple of famous inscriptions with fresh discoveries that will not be simply to be had somewhere else; a variety of literary texts strains significant advancements within the language of Greek poetry and literary prose. The e-book finishes with an account of the linguistic and sociolinguistic heritage of koiné Greek. The statement assumes no past wisdom of Greek ancient linguistics, yet offers a uncomplicated quantity of updated bibliography in order that complex scholars and others can pursue linguistic matters at higher intensity the place worthy.
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Additional resources for A historical Greek reader: Mycenaean to the Koiné
E:] distinct from inherited [ε:]/η. , WGk. 3). The new long vowel was written Ε in Att. inscriptions until the VI cent. bc, when the inherited diphthong [ei] simpliﬁed its articulation and became [e:]. g. inﬁn. χειν [ekhe:n] < χε(h)εν). In these cases classical scholarship has traditionally,˙ if inaccurately, referred to the digraph as a ‘spurious diphthong’. The same applies to the digraph ΟΥ, which continues both lengthened omicron and the old diphthong [ou] > [o:]. ; the use of ΟΥ for lengthened [o] spread a little more slowly, and was standard by around 350 bc.
Lesb. g. θα´ρσο (> Att. 5). (c) Later development: the cluster n with secondary s • In most dialects the n is lost, with lengthening: *πα´ντyα > πα´νσα > πα˜σα • In Lesb. ) the n is retained: πα´νσα. 7. Inherited clusters of resonant + y (intervocalic) The treatment is similar to that of resonant + *s: in most dialects the result is compensatory length (κρι-νω < *κρ ν-yω), while Lesb. and Thess. show gemination (κρ ννω). But: (a) when the cluster -Ry- is preceded by a, o all dialects show metathesis of the y: *µ λαν-yα > µ λαινα, *(σ)µορ-yα > µο ρα.
Masculine a-stem nouns Early in Greek attempts were made to distinguish the inﬂection of masc. from fem. a-stems. In the nom. ). In the gen. sing. original -α- was replaced: Att. added -ου (< *-οο) from the o-stems. Other dialects added -ο (from the same source) to the stem, giving -α-ο. 2), in WGk. and Aeolic -α- or -αυ. 4. Inherited archaisms: nominal inﬂection (a) Collective nouns There are faint traces in Greek of an old collective formation inherited from Indo-European: the ending was *-a/-a¯.
A historical Greek reader: Mycenaean to the Koiné by Stephen Colvin