By J F. Staal
The achievements of Pānini and the Indian grammarians, starting approximately 2500 years in the past, have by no means been totally favored by means of Western students -- partially end result of the nice technical problems awarded by way of such an inquiry, and partially simply because correct instructional articles were restricted to imprecise and inaccessible publications.
This publication makes on hand to linguists and Sanskritists a set of crucial articles at the Sanskrit grammarians, and gives a attached old define in their actions. It covers stories and fragments starting from early 7th-century money owed of the grammarians -- recorded via Buddhist pilgrims from China and Tibet, by way of Muslim tourists from the close to East, and via Christian missionaries -- to a couple of the easiest articles that experience seemed over the past century and a half.
Chapters within the e-book hide the root of Sanskrit reviews within the West laid by way of British students operating in India and together with the distinctive and actual info supplied via Henry Thomas Colebrooke; the linguistic reviews of Pānini by way of von Schlegel and von Humboldt; the paintings of Bhandarkar and of Kielhorn; William Dwight Whitney's low assessment of the "native" grammarians; and the philological paintings of contemporary Western, Indian, and jap scholars.
The editor observes that fabrics within the Reader display difficulties tackled via the Sanskrit grammarians which heavily parallel advancements in modern linguistics. He has supplied historic and linguistic observation and bibliographic information within the introductions and notes that accompany each one choice. Articles are of their unique English, German, and French. Texts or passages in chinese language, Tibetan, Arabic, Sanskrit, Latin, and Greek have, for the main half, been translated into English, and all Sanskrit passages were translated into the Latin alphabet.
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Additional info for A Reader on the Sanskrit Grammarians
Lately a Brahman of South India, at the request of a king of South India, reduced them further to 2500 slokas. This work is widely spread, and used throughout all the frontier provinces, but the well-read scholars of India do not follow it as their guide in practice. This then is the fundamental treatise relating to sounds and letters of the Western world, their branch-divisions, distinctions and mutual connections. e. letter roots or bases); again, there are (treatises on the) two separate kinds of letter-groupings, one named Mandaka in 3000 slokas, the other called Unädi in 2500 slokas.
These translations pose many problems to Sanskritists, for just as the Chinese must have been greatly puzzled by the structure, and in particular by the inflections of Sanskrit, Western Sinologists may have missed technical references to Sanskrit grammar. The expression in BeaPs translation "there are other forms (inflexions) used" has no parallel in Julien. " The Chinese equivalent for sabdavidyä (which also occurs in I Tsing: see page 12) might be an equivalent for sabdänusäsana, which is a well-known Sanskrit expression for grammar.
Purusena, the case indicating the instrument with which something is done, as in the sentence 'to cut a tree with an axe' [instrumental]. 4. purusäya, the case indicating for whom something is done, as in 1 to cut a tree for a man ' [dative]. 5. purusät, the case indicating a causal relation, as in 'to build a house on behalf of a man ' [ablative]. 6. purusasya, the case indicating possession, as in 'the slave belongs to the master' [genitive]. 7. puruse, the case indicating staying with, as in 'the guest stays with his host1 [locative].
A Reader on the Sanskrit Grammarians by J F. Staal