Download e-book for kindle: A Subgrouping of Nine Philippine Languages by Teodoro A. Llamzon S.J. (auth.)

By Teodoro A. Llamzon S.J. (auth.)

ISBN-10: 9401576106

ISBN-13: 9789401576109

ISBN-10: 9401700575

ISBN-13: 9789401700573

BY J. C. ANCEAUX because the visual appeal of Brugmann's recognized article at the relation­ ships of the Indo-European languages in 1884, the topic of sub­ grouping of languages as a methodological challenge has been raised in basic terms sometimes. To this obvious loss of curiosity in an immense aspect in comparative linguistics numerous reasons could be assigned. one among them is consensus has been reached in regards to the major outlines of the family-tree for the language-family which has obtained extra consciousness than the other: the Indo-European. one other clarification is that for many of the branches of this kin historic fabrics can be found that have proved very precious for the reconstruction of the inter­ mediate phases among the proto-Ianguage ande the modem languages. For a couple of branches simply has the matter of subgrouping been an issue for dialogue (e.g. Germanic). distinctive awareness, although, might be anticipated from those that began to follow the comparative easy methods to different language-families. This realization did come ahead, even though no longer instantly, simply because linguists first needed to care for the issues of proving the life of the relatives in query and finding out which languages belonged to it. For the Austronesian languages critical attemps to reach at a lin­ guistic type all started quite overdue. yes situations of nearer relationships have been seen sufficient to be famous very early ( e.g.

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Use {hin-}, aprefix, to express 'collectivity'. The formation of adding the affix {ka- -an} to the numerals for 'two', 'three', etc. to form words for 'twenty', 'thirty' etc. , and SL. 4 exclusively shared features: Tg. , Ka. qikaduwa. 1). None of the other languages investigated for this study shows such a morphological combination in their forms for 'second'; hence, these forms are probably innovations. 1 In the personal pronominals, probable exclusively shared morphological features are found in: a) the predicator nominative free MORPHOLOGY 35 forms for: (1) the first person singular *siqaken '1' of the NPh languages, (2) the second person singular *siqika 'you' of l1ocano, Ifugao, and Kankanay, (3) the plural *Da forms of l1ocano, Ifugao, and Kankanay, (4) the third person plural *DaiDa 'they' of Ifugao and Kankanay; b) the free possessive forms of the NPh languages.

Qupat, Ri. qa:pat, SL. , SL. lima) , 'six' (Se. qunum, Ri. qa:num, SL. qunum) etc. to form words for 'forty', 'fifty', 'sixty' etc. , and SL. since it is not found in the other 34 A SUBGROUPING OF NINE PHILIPPINE LANGUAGES languages involved in this comparison. In the other languages, the words for 'twenty', 'thirty' etc. g. MI. duapuloh, TB. duapulu, NgD. duepulu, MIgy. roapolo, To. uofulu, 11. duwapu :lu, Ib. duwapulu 'twenty': TB. tolupulu, NgD. telopulu, MIgy. telopolo, 11. tallupu :lu, Ib.

5 H. kuwatuqu, Ka. quka:taku 'ours (inclusive)' imply a protoform kuwataku, which appears to contain *kuwa and *taku, which is the H. and Ka. free nominative form for the first person plural inclusive. 1). The H. form may have been originally *kuwataqu; by assimilation, the a vowel of the penult became u before the u in the ultima. The Ka. form may have been originally *kua:taku; by metathesis, it became quka :taku. The 11. form which corresponds to *kuwataku is kuwa:tayu, which is a combination of kuwa and the bound form taYll 'ours (inclusive)'.

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A Subgrouping of Nine Philippine Languages by Teodoro A. Llamzon S.J. (auth.)

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