By C N Hill
"A Vertical Empire" describes the paintings in rocketry and house learn conducted within the united kingdom within the Fifties and Nineteen Sixties. At one time, the programme used to be as refined as these within the US and Russia. The tasks have been cancelled one after the other as Britain's makes an attempt to take care of militarily with the 2 superpowers weakened, on account of Treasury strain and the assumption that there has been no monetary destiny in area expertise. a lot of the fabric during this publication hasn't ever been to be had ahead of, due in part to the 30-Year Rule pertaining to executive files, and in part to the delicate army nature of the paintings. The tasks coated comprise rocket-propelled airplane, huge army missiles corresponding to the medium variety ballistic missile "Blue Streak", the try out rocket "Black Knight" and the re-entry experiments it carried, and the satellite tv for pc launcher "Black Arrow". additionally, proposed tasks that can were constructed from those cars are coated intensive. there's additionally enormous political research of why those tasks have been ultimately discontinued.
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Extra info for A Vertical Empire: The History of the UK Rocket and Space Programme, 1950-1971
It will be armed with 2 Blue Jay Mark 3 air to air Guided Missiles, with unguided rockets as an alternative armament. I. I. = airborne interception} and will have a limited capacity for night operations. Rocket Interceptors 55 "The P. 177 was selected by the Naval Staff because:(i) It is one of the very few British aircraft likely to be better than anything American when it comes into service. F. (iii) Its engine, radar and weapons are already being developed for other aircraft, so that the development costs should be comparatively low.
Indeed, reasonably detailed sketches were made for a design of such a missile. However, when the Operational Requirement for Blue Streak was issued, it was realised that there was still too much development work to do on Delta. A. was by now well ahead of Westcott in the designing and development of kerosene/LOX engines. It was realised that to keep to the time schedule needed for Blue Streak, it would be necessary to take an existing American design and work on that. ) and Rolls Royce Ltd, which provided for the exchange of technical information on rocket engines over a period of 10 years.
Having said that, it was not very stable, and had to be handled with great care. Any alternative suffered from one or more of these problems. /kerosene engines also had the advantage that they were effectively hypergolic (self igniting) which had the further advantage that it could be easily restarted, which was certainly a useful feature for a manned rocket interceptor. The Germans pioneered the use of hydrogen peroxide as a rocket fuel in the early 1940s, powering the Me 163 rocket fighter, and the V2's turbine and fuel pump.
A Vertical Empire: The History of the UK Rocket and Space Programme, 1950-1971 by C N Hill