By Edited by: Decheng Feng
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Additional info for Advances in Intelligent Transportation System and Technology
Therefore, the price transmission of public transport can be defined as the price fluctuation mechanism due to cost, demand or some transit service price. The price transmission mechanism is to exist in price operation of product or service and be affected by many factors. It relates to interior price or external environment by some way . The transmission mechanism of public transport price includes three meaning: 1) the way of price transmission, including cost-push or demand-push; 2) the route of price transmission, including transmission chain and network; 3) the influence of many factors on price transmission.
I =0 r −1 P(h ≥ t ) = ∑ (1) where, t is the time headway, s; r is the order of the Erlang distribution( the larger the r, the traffic is more congested). r and λ can be determined by the average(E) and variance (S2) of the samples, and the calculation formula are r = E 2 / S 2 and λ = E 2 / S 2 . The calculation results show that the time headways of peak time, off-peak time and all time agree with the Erlang distribution with r=2, r=1 and r=1, respectively. The Erlang distribution with r=1 is actually the negative exponential distribution.
Around the world, the introduction of game theory into the passenger transportation research filed began from Fisk’s (1984) study . Different authors apply game theory have achieved more useful research results on the multi-player games [4-8, 10]. With the introduction and development of the subway transit in the urban passenger transportation, existing researches can not be suitable to reflect the cooperation and competition relationship among the three different mode operators, which is difficult to ensure the passenger transport management policy achieve the expected effect.
Advances in Intelligent Transportation System and Technology by Edited by: Decheng Feng