By By (author) Bo M.I. Bengtsson
It can be crucial to combine box facts correct to coverage with a world review with updated details for synthesis into situations and a imaginative and prescient of ways destiny study and improvement in agriculture can most sensible aid people who are such a lot needy and feature little entry to efficient assets. the general job is a giant problem for policy-makers and the rural study institution. it's also of shock in educating agricultural scholars with a purpose to reply to destiny demanding situations. This booklet is an try and stimulate dialogue on destiny strategies of study coverage, suggesting adjustments of agricultural R&D for societal improvement based on the Millennium improvement pursuits.
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Additional resources for Agricultural Research at the Crossroads: Revisited Resource-poor Farmers and the Millennium Development Goals
Labour costs exceeding TT$ 50 a day were found unaffordable. Although mineral fertilizers were readily available, increasing costs for their transportation made them counterproductive to farming in isolated areas. The extra costs for transporting a bag of fertilizer to a Toco farmer amounted to TT$ 20, excluding the cost for the fertilizer (TT$ 60-75 for a bag of urea or about TT$ 130 for Blaucorn). In considering these constraints, aroid farmers indicated that they would rather revert to garden crops for their own consumption than grow for the market.
The first aroid farmer to buy his own tractor did so at Caroni in 1967. At Biche, a dasheen farmer purchased the first tractor in 1975. They were both owner-cultivators. In 2003, one fifth of all visited farmers had a tractor of their own. Six farmers (four at Biche) had a pick-up car of their own for transporting their produce to various markets. All aroid farmers had acquired a TV set. In 1980, one third of the visited farmers found that the overall situation had improved since 1965, in particular at Caroni and Biche.
Twenty-four years later, wheat and barley were planted on a continuous basis with crops of broad bean and field pea as exceptions. Seed In 1967, the overwhelming majority of farmers planted their own seed for all crops, except wheat. Other sources for seed were the local market or neighbours. Half the farmers around Kulumsa (16% of all farmers) purchased improved seed of wheat (“Kenya I”) from the Kulumsa Seed Multiplication Farm. In 1980, the same pattern persisted; the overall majority of farmers used their own seed.
Agricultural Research at the Crossroads: Revisited Resource-poor Farmers and the Millennium Development Goals by By (author) Bo M.I. Bengtsson