By Stephen Kinzer
With breezy storytelling and diligent study, Kinzer has reconstructed the CIA's 1953 overthrow of the elected chief of Iran, Mohammad Mossadegh, who used to be wildly renowned at domestic for having nationalized his country's oil undefined.
The coup ushered within the lengthy and brutal dictatorship of Mohammad Reza Shah, greatly visible as a U.S. puppet and himself overthrown through the Islamic revolution of 1979. At its top this paintings reads like a secret agent novel, with code names and informants, hour of darkness conferences with the monarch and a last-minute plot twist while the CIA's plan, known as Operation Ajax, approximately is going awry.
A veteran long island instances international correspondent and the writer of books on Nicaragua (Blood of Brothers) and Turkey (Crescent and Star), Kinzer has combed memoirs, educational works, executive files and information tales to provide this blow-by-blow account. He indicates that till early in 1953, nice Britain and the Anglo-Iranian Oil corporation have been the imperialist baddies of this story. Intransigent within the face of Iran's calls for for a fairer percentage of oil earnings and higher stipulations for staff, British overseas Secretary Herbert Morrison exacerbated stress along with his perspective that the problem from Iran used to be, in Kinzer's phrases, "a basic topic of ignorant natives rebelling opposed to the forces of civilization." earlier than the obstacle peaked, a high-ranking worker of Anglo-Iranian wrote to a fantastic that the company's alliance with the "corrupt ruling classes" and "leech-like bureaucracies" have been "disastrous, outmoded and impractical."
This stands as a textbook lesson in how to not behavior overseas policy.
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Additional info for All the Shah's Men: An American Coup and the Roots of Middle East Terror
Whenever we act with reference to our fellow men, we must sin, and we must still sin when we refuse to act; for the refusal to be involved in the evil of action carries with it the breach of the obligation to do one’s duty. Whatever the prospects, then, for applying scientific methods to studying political phenomena, political science will continue to develop more like one of the arts than one of the sciences unless or until political scientists can isolate themselves from the milieu whose problems they seek to address.
Rome was prepared to tolerate and make use of local religions and nationalisms. Roman citizenship as well as other economic and political rewards were accessible to nonRoman subjects, provided they paid nominal allegiance to Rome and its gods. Conflict arose mainly when local authorities – the Jews and early Christians in particular – refused to reciprocate Roman tolerance, and when Roman subjects felt the balance between rewards and penalties had shifted against them. Centuries later, the British Empire adapted earlier models, especially the Roman, with remarkable success.
Toward a New Conceptualization of Global Politics Revising our thinking in relation to the direction toward which we are trying to move will produce a significantly different approach to world politics than the approaches that have dominated the field in recent years. The new approach will: emphasize the subjective side of world politics and balance it with the ‘objective’ side that has long been the mainstay of positivist scholarship; be sceptical about the prospect for discerning permanent ‘laws’ of politics; avoid dichotomizing between ‘internal’ and ‘external’ politics; be sensitive to historical context; recognize the normative/ideological bases of theory and practice, the reciprocal relationship between them, and the difficulties this poses in seeking reliable ‘evidence’; seek to describe and explain the competition for human loyalties among a wide variety of (often) overlapping polities of many types.
All the Shah's Men: An American Coup and the Roots of Middle East Terror by Stephen Kinzer