By Leah Kronenberg
During this e-book Professor Kronenberg indicates that Xenophon's Oeconomicus, Varro's De Re Rustica and Virgil's Georgics should not easily works on farming yet belong to a practice of philosophical satire which makes use of allegory and irony to question the that means of morality. those works metaphorically attach farming and its comparable arts to political lifestyles; yet rather than providing farming in its conventional guise as a good image, they use it to version the deficiencies of the lively existence, which in flip is juxtaposed to a popular contemplative lifestyle. even supposing those 3 texts usually are not frequently handled jointly, this ebook convincingly connects them with an unique and provocative interpretation in their allegorical use of farming. It additionally fills an immense hole in our realizing of the literary impacts at the Georgics by means of exhibiting that it really is formed not only by means of its poetic predecessors yet by means of philosophical discussion.
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Extra info for Allegories of Farming from Greece and Rome: Philosophical Satire in Xenophon, Varro, and Virgil
See also Vlastos (1991) 81–106. This was not always the view of Xenophon’s testimony: Vander Waerdt (1994a) 9 n. ” For further defense of Xenophon’s testimony, see Morrison (1987) and Dorion (2006). Thus, I disagree with Dorion’s (2006) claim that “there is no hope of harmonizing their [Xenophon’s Socrates and Plato’s Socrates] doctrines. Those who claim otherwise are contenting themselves with surface agreements that conceal deeper disagreements” (95). On Plato’s “anti-economic” Socrates, see Vegetti (1970) 594–96 and Faraguna (1994) 558.
Nussbaum (2003) 211–12: “The modern university, in Europe and North America, sharply segments philosophy from literature . . In Athens of the fifth century bc . . there was no general category of ‘literature’; there was no general category of ‘philosophy’, and thus, obviously, no understanding of philosophy as a field of inquiry or expression distinct from literature. Plato began to forge that understanding, in conflict with the poets; what he describes as a ‘contest of long standing between the poets and the philosophers’ is one to the forging of whose conceptual categories he contributed in a major way.
On irony’s potential elitism, see also Colebrook (2004) 19–20. For a recent defense of the concept of authorial intention in interpretation of literature, see Nappa (2005) 4–6. See also Farrell (1991) 21–23, Hinds (1998) 47–51, Gale (2000) 4–6 and Heath (2002) 59–97. For a critique of intentionalism, see Edmunds (2001) esp. 19–38 and 164–69. ” Similarly, on parody: “Yet, when we call something a parody, we posit some encoding intent to cast a critical and differentiating eye on the artistic past, an intent that we, as readers, then infer from the text’s (covert or overt) inscription of it” (Hutcheon / 84).
Allegories of Farming from Greece and Rome: Philosophical Satire in Xenophon, Varro, and Virgil by Leah Kronenberg