An Introduction to Ecclesiastical Latin - download pdf or read online

By H. P. V. Nunn

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E:] distinct from inherited [ε:]/η. , WGk. 3). The new long vowel was written Ε in Att. inscriptions until the VI cent. bc, when the inherited diphthong [ei] simplified its articulation and became [e:]. g. infin. χειν [ekhe:n] < χε(h)εν). In these cases classical scholarship has traditionally,˙ if inaccurately, referred to the digraph as a ‘spurious diphthong’. The same applies to the digraph ΟΥ, which continues both lengthened omicron and the old diphthong [ou] > [o:]. ; the use of ΟΥ for lengthened [o] spread a little more slowly, and was standard by around 350 bc.

Lesb. g. θα´ρσο (> Att. 5). (c) Later development: the cluster n with secondary s • In most dialects the n is lost, with lengthening: *πα´ντyα > πα´νσα > πα˜σα • In Lesb. ) the n is retained: πα´νσα. 7. Inherited clusters of resonant + y (intervocalic) The treatment is similar to that of resonant + *s: in most dialects the result is compensatory length (κρι-νω < *κρ ν-yω), while Lesb. and Thess. show gemination (κρ ννω). But: (a) when the cluster -Ry- is preceded by a, o all dialects show metathesis of the y: *µ λαν-yα > µ λαινα, *(σ)µορ-yα > µο ρα.

Masculine a-stem nouns Early in Greek attempts were made to distinguish the inflection of masc. from fem. a-stems. In the nom. ). In the gen. sing. original -α- was replaced: Att. added -ου (< *-οο) from the o-stems. Other dialects added -ο (from the same source) to the stem, giving -α-ο. 2), in WGk. and Aeolic -α- or -αυ. 4. Inherited archaisms: nominal inflection (a) Collective nouns There are faint traces in Greek of an old collective formation inherited from Indo-European: the ending was *-a/-a¯.

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An Introduction to Ecclesiastical Latin by H. P. V. Nunn


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